Symptomatology & trend of tree condition of red spruce & balsam fir

in New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts & West Virginia, 1985-1989

Publisher: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Area in [Durham, N.H.]

Written in English
Published: Pages: 39 Downloads: 856
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  • Northeastern States.,
  • West Virginia.


  • Red spruce -- Diseases and pests -- Northeastern States.,
  • Balsam fir -- Diseases and pests -- Northeastern States.,
  • Red spruce -- Diseases and pests -- West Virginia.,
  • Balsam fir -- Diseases and pests -- West Virginia.,
  • Red spruce -- Health -- Northeastern States.,
  • Balsam fir -- Health -- Northeastern States.,
  • Red spruce -- Health -- West Virginia.,
  • Balsam fir -- Health -- West Virginia.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 37-39).

Other titlesSymptomatology and trend of tree condition of red spruce and balsam fir
Statementby Margaret M. Miller-Weeks ... [et al.] ; in cooperation with the New York Department of Environmental Conservation ... [et al.].
SeriesNA-TP ;, 07-94, NA-TP ;, 07.
ContributionsMiller-Weeks, Margaret M., New York (State). Conservation Dept., United States. State and Private Forestry. Northeastern Area.
LC ClassificationsSB608.R33 S95 1994
The Physical Object
Pagination39 p. :
Number of Pages39
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL926579M
LC Control Number95225837

  The Aspen Silver Fir features blue-green branch tips with a mix of round and flat needles that closely mimic the real Rocky Mountain Fir. One of the top trees of our Signature Collection Christmas trees, our fir tree has complete True Needle foliage to give you our most realistic-looking tree. Tree Identification - Made Easy? Jonathan S. Kays Extension Specialist - Natural Resources. University of Maryland Extension. Adapted with small revisions from The Summer Key To Pennsylvania Trees, which is part of the Pennsylvania 4 - H forestry curriculum. Balsam Hill's foot Blue Spruce Artificial Christmas Tree features a full profile with sleek, multi-toned PVC Classic Needle foliage. Its light gray, blue-green, and moss green needles are complemented by sturdy branches in a brown hue/5(K). Canadian Balsam, Canada Balsam; Cautions. None listed; Description. Native to North America, the Balsam Fir is a conical evergreen tree growing to feet, producing aromatic needle-like leaves and purple fir cones. In the eastern US, it is used mainly as a “Christmas tree”, and has long been commercially exploited for its timber.

  Fraser fir. Abies fraseri. The most popular Christmas tree species in the country these days, the Fraser fir is actually a subspecies of the balsam fir, though they don't grow in the same : Eric Vilas-Boas. Black Spruce is a medium-sized coniferous tree that tolerates wet ground better than most–if not all–spruces. It has a characteristic straight trunk and a narrow crown. Balsam Fir - best known as a "Christmas tree" - doesn't just look great in living rooms; it's a terrific tree for your yard too!   Fir trees are conifers – needle trees that are almost all evergreen. They can be found all around the Northern Hemisphere, usually in colder areas, and on mountain slopes. They typically have a strong central trunk, with branches radiating out all around the trunk, and many can potentially grow to great heights, well over feet tall.   A young pine (not a spruce!). Photo by Matt Suwak. We grew up in a very rural part of Pennsylvania, so when I say that my dad and I drove his pickup truck into the woods, I literally mean we drove his pickup truck into the woods.. He was on the search for a tree to plant in the front yard, and after a bit of hunting he found the one he : Matt Suwak.

Set in a beautiful weathered green pot, the Potted Baby Spruce adds elegance to tabletops, mantels, or entryways. Natural Characteristics. Inspired by one of our customers’ all-time favorite trees, the Potted Baby Spruce features the natural green foliage and light-brown stems of a spruce : $   On true pine trees and larches, needles are arranged and attached to the branches in bundles or clusters with two, three, or five needles per bunch, however, the needles of other conifers including spruce, fir, and hemlock trees are not grouped in these clusters and thus they can only be identified by other traits of the needles, branches, and bark. Spruce cones are smoother and more flexible than pine cones and usually “drape” downward from the trees. Allegedly, the oldest living tree in the world is a Norway Spruce tree in Sweden, at over 9, years of age! Fir trees have cones that stand up on branches instead of hanging.

Symptomatology & trend of tree condition of red spruce & balsam fir Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Symptomatology & trend of tree condition of red spruce & balsam fir: in New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts & West Virginia, [Margaret M Miller-Weeks; New York (State).

Conservation Department.; United States. State and. balsam fir, red spruce, red spruce-balsam fir, paper birch-red spruce-balsam fir, and white spruce-balsam fir-paper birch.

Other softwood species are also found in these forest types, principally eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.), eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.), northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis L.), and occasionally ta­Cited by: Miller-Weeks MM, Cooke R () Symptomatology and trend of tree condition of red spruce and balsam fir in the northeastern United States, – U.S.

Department of Agriculture, State and Private Forestry, Forest Pest Management, Durham, NH Google ScholarCited by: declined area. The general condition of all red spruce trees > 13 cm DBH was recorded and a subsample (20 treedplot) selected at random to obtain detailed information on tree health, symptomatology, and foliar response.

Some preliminary results are presented in Table 1. Mortality rates were high (> 10%) in all plots, with dead trees. Overstory red spruce (Picearubens Sarg.) and balsam fir (Abiesbalsamea (L.) Mill.) trees suddenly exposed to strong, turbulent winds along a ski trail cut in in New Hampshire showed growth (increment of basal area) reductions during through of 82 and 63%, respectively, compared with growth during through Growth of comparable trees on the upwind side of the ski trail Cited by: spruce and balsam fir were not significantly different (P > OSO), red spruce had significantly higher values of STAR, than balsam fir at similar canopy heights (P = ).

Red spruce trees inhabit eastern North America. Perhaps it’s most well-known use is its effectiveness as a tonewood, which makes it a perfect choice for making guitars and violins. The tree is, however, susceptible to windthrow and acid rain, both of which can damage it rather easily. Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida [ ].

Balsam Fir Abies balsamea The balsam fir is a native evergreen well-adapted to the cold climates of the northern United States and Canada. Its symmetrical spire-like crown, shining dark green color, and spicy fragrance have made it a favorite Christmas tree for hundreds of years.

Balsam fir is unpalatable to deer who only use it as winter cover, however, many species of wildlife do rely on balsam fir for food. Moose rely on balsam fir as their chief food source during the winter.

Mice and voles eat the seeds and the bark. Red squirrels feed on the seeds, bark, wood, and flower buds. Balsam Tree Disease. Asked SeptemPM EDT.

The attached picture shows the middle of three Balsam trees dead in our yard in Middlebury. A few branches on the tree began to turn a reddish brown in May, and by August the tree was completely dead. I have cut off about half a dozen branches which showed the same symptoms on the tree.

Balsam fir is a species of small to medium-sized North American coniferous trees with a dense, symmetrical pyramidal crown.

Known for its spicy fragrance and dark green color, the balsam fir has been commonly used as a Christmas tree over the years. Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales Family Pinaceae Genus [ ].

BALSAM FIR Balsam fir, a small to medium-sized coniferous tree, is one of the most symmetrical and beauti-ful species of our northern forests. The wood is light in weight and color, limber, soft, and low in decay resistance.

It has good pulping properties and is used principally in the manufacture of pulp. Balsam fir is also widely used for. This Christmas tree is an elegant re-creation of a natural Red Spruce tree, right down to its reddish-brown branches and light-green foliage.

Perfect for sma. Balsam fir is native to the far northern parts of the United States, up into Canada. This evergreen tree has flat, dark green needles with a strong balsam scent.

Balsam fir makes a striking figure in the landscape with its narrowly-pyramidal shape, but it does best in cooler northern climates. Fir needles grow in a spiral pattern up to the tip of each branch, giving fir trees a robust, lush appearance. Similar to the BH Balsam Fir, the real fir tree’s silhouette is symmetrical and dense.

The thick foliage doesn’t leave much room for ornaments, so a fir is the best choice if you prefer less décor on your tree. Spruce. Aerial assessment of red spruce & balsam fir condition in the Adirondack region of New York, the Green Mountains of Vermont, the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and the mountains of western Maine, / (Durham, N.H.: Forest Health Protection, U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, [?]), by Margaret M. Miller-Weeks, United. One of the more common trees in my area is the Balsam Fir. The tree is a common Christmas tree in homes.

It is identifies with flat needles which only grows. Project Methods Objective 1: For each species a minimum of five dominant or codominant trees will be selected from each stand to represent thinned and control conditions.

Where possible, mixed stands of red spruce and balsam fir will be selected. The DBH of the trees will be measured. The trees will be felled and the total height and height to the base of the live crown of each tree will be.

Average annual mortality of balsam fir was about million cubic feet from to (chart on right). This rate has increased 33% since but fallen since Balsam fir makes up % of total volume statewide but 2% of allFile Size: 1MB.

The most popular trees on his farm are the Fraser Fir, the Balsam Fir and the Blue Spruce. The Blue Spruce is a tree that, as Leyden puts it. The balsam Fir can be found in many biomes including the Taiga biome. The Balsam Fir is a small to medium sized native evergreen tree.

It can grow to be 40 to 80 feet tall. The Balsam fir has a wide base and a narrow top that ends in a slender, spirelike top. Red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea[L.] Mill) are the dominant conifer species at treeline in the mountains of the northeastern United States.

The objective of this study was to investigate changes in foliar chemistry of these species along both elevational (below, at, and above treeline) and canopy light (sun vs.

shade leaves) by:   The balsam fir (Abies balsamea) is the original yuletide Tannenbaum, grown in the cool, moist forests of alpine Germany. Today it is grown in tree farms all over the world, including the northern tier of the United States and Canada. Training and pruning practice for the balsam varies with the purpose it will serve.

Balsam firs become towering, architectural trees with a bold presence in the landscape. They can reach heights of 90 to feet at maturity. Some of the features that make them desirable landscape trees are their spicy fragrance, neat shape and bluish-green color.

Balsam Fir Tree Info. Balsam firs look very similar to spruce trees. The boreal ecocline (ca 49°N) between the southern mixedwood (dominated by balsam fir) and the northern coniferous bioclimatic domain (dominated by black spruce) may be explained by a northward decrease of balsam fir regeneration, explaining the gradual shift to black spruce dominance.

7, sample plots, with absence of major disturbances, were provided by the Quebec Ministry of Cited by: 1. Like most trees, red spruce is subject to insect parasitism. Their insect enemy is the spruce budworm, although it is a bigger problem for white spruce and balsam fir.

Other issues that have been damaging red spruce has been the increase in acid rain and current climate : Tracheophytes. 46 BALSAM FIR B F Abies balsamea (L.) P.

Mill. B alsam fir occurs statewide and is the most abundant tree in the state. It is frequently found in damp woods and on well-drained hillsides, and often occurs in thickets.

The tree normally forms a sharp spire to a height of 60–70 feet and grows to 12–20 inches in young. White Spruce is a hardy, long-lived evergreen tree. It can grow in many soil types and moisture levels.

And it can even tolerate significant amounts of shade. White spruce requires little maintenance and is well suited for use in shelterbelts, privacy screens, hedges, and as an ornamental in an urban setting. Nine types of true fir trees grow in North America, with the majority of these trees found in the northern states or in high elevations.

Among them are the balsam fir, the California red fir, the Fraser fir, the subalpine fir and the white fir. Like all tree species, the firs are vulnerable to certain diseases, most. The spruce and balsam fir trees of the Rocky Mountain region by Sudworth, George B.

(George Bishop), Publication date Topics Spruce, Balsam fir This book is available with additional data at Biodiversity Heritage Library. plus-circle Add Review. comment. Reviews. Our magnificent Balsam Spruce epitomizes the enduring charm of the traditional Christmas tree.

Lush, soft foliage in varying tones of green intermingled with unexpected hues of blue call out to those yearning for the warm, comforting Christmases of : Treetopia.The Red Spruce, known as Picea rubens, is the provincial tree of Nova Scotia and grows in American forests from Vermont southward along the Appalachians through to North Carolina.

Used as a traditional Christmas tree, the Red Spruce is distinguished by its handsome appearance and Price: $Pure stands of balsam fir or stands in which balsam fir is the major component of growing stock make up the forest cover type Balsam Fir (Society of American Foresters Type 5) (10).

Balsam fir is also a major component in two other eastern forest cover types: Red Spruce-Balsam Fir (Type 33) and Paper Birch-Red Spruce-Balsam Fir (Type 35).